Sacroiliitis is the term used to describe inflammation of one or both of the sacroiliac joint. The sacroiliac joints are located where your pelvis connects to your lower spine. The main function of the sacroiliac joints are to absorb shock from the spine. The sacroiliac joints themselves provides very little movement, approximately two to four millimeters when performing a weight bearing activity. At times, sacroiliitis can be confused with sciatica, which is pain stemming from the sciatic nerve.
Symptoms of Sacroiliitis
Most sacroiliitis sufferers experience pain in the buttocks and lower back. However, other symptoms such as the ones below can also occur:
- Pain in the low back, legs, hip, and/or buttocks
- Pain that worsens have sitting for long periods of time or when rolling over in bed
- Stiffness in the hips and low back, specifically after sitting for long periods or getting out of bed
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms above, schedule an appointment to be evaluated by The Physician’s today. If left untreated, the chronic pain associated with sacroiliitis could result in serious conditions such as insomnia and depression.
Causes of Sacroiliitis
There is no direct cause of sacroiliitis. However, the conditions below can make you more susceptible to developing sacroiliitis. These conditions include:
- Infection of the sacroiliac joint
- Trauma to the lower back, hips, or buttocks
- Degenerative conditions, such as osteoarthritis of the spine
- Any form of spondyloarthropathy
- Pregnancy and childbirth
- Urinary Tract Infections
- Drug addiction or IV drug use
In order to gain a proper diagnosis, our expert physician will perform a detailed physical examination. This exam may include applying pressure or stress to your sacroiliac joints If necessary, imaging tests, such as an X-ray or MRI of your pelvis may be ordered. At times, a numbing agent, or anesthetics, may be injected into the sacroiliac joint. If the pain stops with the injection, it is likely that the sacroiliac joint is causing your discomfort.
Treatments for Sacroiliitis
Depending upon the cause of your sacroiliitis, treatment methods may vary. Our physicians may recommend several courses of treatment, such as:
- Pain medications
- Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors
- Muscle relaxers
- Physical Therapy
- Certain exercises
- Corticosteroid injections
- Radiofrequency denervation
- Electrical stimulation
- Joint Fusion
If you would like more information regarding the treatment methods above, contact our office today. Our clinical staff would be happy to provide you with more detailed information on the treatments we recommend.
Contact The Physician’s Today
At our office, we believe that no one should live with chronic pain. If you are experiencing symptoms of sacroiliitis, contact The Physicians today to schedule an appointment with one of our spine experts.